The Tong 堂

In the United States, a tong (Chinese: 堂) is the term used for a type of secret society found among Chinese American (or other countries) immigrants. In the nineteenth century, when the tongs originated, few Chinese workers wished to emigrate to the USA. Although many stayed, most came with hopes of return to China. Tongs were originally created for mutual support and protection, especially from other local ethnic groups hostile to the rapid Chinese immigration. The tongs are descended from the Tiandihui, a secret society established to overthrow the Qing dynasty in China in the 18th century, and are similar to other groups worldwide that were also descended from the Tiandihui, known as hui, hongmen, triads, and tongs as well.

History of the Tong 堂

Some of the first tongs formed in the second half of the 19th century among the earliest immigrant Chinese American communities. Many were outcasts or lacked the clan or family ties to join

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more prestigious Chinese surname associations, business guilds, or legitimate enterprises. As a result, they banded together to form their own secret societies for protection. These first tongs followed the same patterns as the triads. The triad societies were underground organizations in British controlled areas that also existed for self help of members, but spoke of the overthrow of the Qing dynasty. Both groups adopted codes of brotherhood, loyalty, and patriotism.

Training Modules

T'ai Chi Sung 堂

Throughout history secret societies have existed for the protection and mutual support of its members. T'ai Chi Sung 堂 is designed for Moo Do practitioners that lack access to traditional training facilities. One may quietly work at his own pace, receiving guidance through modern communications technology. Members must therefore possess the discipline of true disciples to reap the benefits of this instruction.